|NUB "Kliment Ohridski"|
|National and University Library "Kliment Ohridski"|
|Bibliotheque Nationale et Universitaire "Kliment Ohridski"|
|National-und Universitatsbibliothek "Kliment Ohridski"|
|History, description, mission statement etc.|
|The Library was founded in 1944 with a modest stock of 150,000 items, of which 300 were periodicals (titles). Its activity has its foundations in the rich tradition of literature and libraries on Macedonian soil. The patron saint, Clement of Ohrid (830-916), established the first monastic library in Ohrid.|
The Library stock was formed from the collections of the pre-war libraries; the major part of it was inherited from the Central Library of the pre-war Faculty of Philosophy (where during World War 2, when Macedonia was occupied by Bulgaria from 1941 to 1945, Bulgarian book production was included as legal deposit), another large part from the City Library, and the rest from private collections presented to the Library. From 1945 to 1990 the NUL was one of the eight deposit libraries in the Yugoslav Federation. Since the independence of the Republic of Macedonia in 1991, it has only received Macedonian deposit items.
In 1972 the Library moved into custom-built premises in the central part of the city, with an overall area of 11,217 square meters, out of which 8,000 square meters are useful space of which 2,800 are storage space and 2,300 for readers. There is seating for 500 readers.
The National and University Library "Kliment Ohridski" is the national and central library headquarters of the Republic of Macedonia. It has a central position in the framework of the library and information system, with the obligation to function as a University Library of Skopje, a bibliographical and referral center, the national ISSN center and the national ISBN agency.
The NUL development activities are in accordance with the NUL Plan and Program based on the following core issues:
- research, acquisition, processing, keeping, preserving the Macedonian publishing production as well as foreign publications of interest for the republic of Macedonia;
- presenting and promoting the national cultural heritage through Library collections;
- creating conditions for modern librarianship by application of information and telecommunication technology;
- being a Reference center it searches, collects, keeps, processes and updates databases for collective and individual sources and users of information in the RM, as well as databases of papers produced by researches in the RM; and also
- searches, collects, transmits and offers to user sources of information in the Republic and abroad.
The general directions for the future being:
|POBox 566; 1000 Skopje ; R. Macedonia|
|Blvd. Goce Delcev 6; 1000 Skopje ; R. Macedonia|
|+389 91 115 177 & +389 91 226 846|
|+389 91 226 846|
|Mr Paskal Gilevski firstname.lastname@example.org|
|(668.896,00 US$) (2001)|
|742 000 (1999)|
|21 440 titles; 1 435 681 items (1999)|
|Current serial titles|
|Macedonian publ. production 285 ; foreign titles 483 (purchase, exchange, gift)|
|4 666 microfilms|
|The Library holdings comprise about 17000 records on publications from the field of education and about 4000 records from the field of psychology and psycho-physiology.|
Otherwise, the collections of special and non-book material represent a valuable national treasure. Manuscripts, old printed books, incunabula, fine arts and music scores are records and witnesses of the history, culture, arts and literature of the Macedonians. The NUL is particularly concerned about completing these collections. It does this by systematic bibliographic and field research in the country, by purchase and by gift, with the aim of finding, recording and preserving material that has survived all the robberies and destruction on Macedonian territory.
|The greatest part of the stock (65%) is in Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian language, and 35% of the stock is mostly in English language, then French, German, Russian etc.|
|Name(s) of OPAC(s)|
|OPAC is available with the use of COBISS (Slovenian software)|
|Coverage of the collections by the OPAC(s)|
|160 000 records ; conversion of the remaining conventional catalogue is in process|
|telnet 184.108.40.206 or|
|Not functioning yet|
|Other remarks on the catalogues|
|The users can obtain information about the Library's holdings through: |
1. Card catalogues: Author (alphabetical: Cyrillic and Glagolitic) catalogues;
2. UDC (Universal Decimal Classification) card catalogue;
3. subject-heading catalogue (experiment)
4. Automated catalogue - OPAC
|Faculty students 2273 (72%)|
Scholarly workers 309 (9%)
Secondary school students 528 (7%)
Other individual users 258 (12%)
|Any citizen of the Republic of Macedonia of any nationality, who is over 16 years old may become a member of the library. Foreign citizens can also become members in accordance with the printed regulations. The Library has some 120,000 user visits annually. Membership has to be renewed every year. Members have a right to use the book stocks in the premises of the Library, that is, they may not be borrowed. The books are situated in stacks. Reference publications and current periodicals are on open access.|
Members can make use of reprographic equipment and microfilm and microfiche readers.
One of the ways of satisfying the needs of users is by means of the interlibrary loan service, which has operated since 1957. Internet will be on free users' access in 2001.
|Price of loans|
|1. Personal loans: The books are used within the premises of the Library and are free of charge|
2. ILLs: The price ranges from 8,00 to 20,00 US$ depending on the material loaned (book, photocopy, standard etc.)
|Price of copies|
|1. Copies made by the library and sent to patrons: Free|
2. Copies made by patrons: Free
3. ILLs: From 8,00$ to 20,00$
|Use of electronic documents and services|
| 1. Online services are available. Anyone who wants to search the catalogue can access it through Internet. OPAC provides access to the bibliographic database of the National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski". Computerised cataloguing in the Library started at the beginning of 1989. Conversion of the card catalogue is in process continually. The bibliographic database contains over 160,000 bibliographic records covering monographs, serials as well as articles from journals published in the Republic of Macedonia as well as non-book materials. The bibliographic record is structured according to COMARC format (national modification of UNIMARC, particularly the part concerning the application of Cyrillic alphabet in the print out of the Macedonian National Bibliography). |
Library members may use direct (online) information from international automated databases via information services DIALOG and ECHO.
Databases available at these international information services can be accessed and searched in the premises of the Referral Centre.
2. CD-ROMs: The members of the Library may use information from databases on CD-ROM kept in the Library.
|Other remarks on patron policies|
|Each year, the Library submits to the Ministry of Culture a programme for carrying out and developing its activities.|
Due to the very poor economic conditions in the country there are constant budget constraints, thus the realisation of the planned tasks is very difficult.
Sponsors of the Open Society Institute and Tempus Phare projects support some of the activities of the Library. Thus, in the course of 1999 and 2000 a joint project "Development of Academic Library Network" was realised. Training Centre for librarians was realised with the funds granted by the Open Society Institute.
|In the course of 1999 a project team worked on digitisation process of one part of the collection of medieval manuscripts in Macedonia. As a result of the teamwork, the first CD-ROM was published which contains 13 oldest manuscripts of the collection.|
The project for automation and integration of the libraries throughout the Republic was accepted two years ago, however its realisation is still in negotiation process.
|There are other collections of different fields of science and education at the academic libraries at the University in Skopje. The collections are situated at the libraries at the various departments at the Faculty of Philosophy and Philological Faculty, Medical Library at the Medical Faculty, the libraries within the departments at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Informatics, as well as libraries at the Electrical and Mechanical Faculty, the Faculty of Economics and Faculty of Law, etc. However, their holdings have not been automatically processed, so for the time being they cannot be searched through Internet.|
Signature Viktorija Kostovska, International relations coordinator